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Miche Pest Control is a family owned and operated pest control company that provides residential and commercial pest control services for spiders, including garden spiders, in Washington DC, Maryland, and Northern Virginia. Our expert spider exterminators get rid of garden spider infestations fast, and use preventative methods to keep garden spiders from coming back after they've been eliminated. Miche Pest Control has a 4.9 star rating and over 1,000 reviews online - click the button below to get started, or give us a call today!

Garden Spiders: The Ultimate Guide

Garden spiders, also known as orb weaver spiders, are a type of spider that belongs to the family Araneidae. They are known for their intricate, circular webs, which they use to catch their prey. Garden spiders are found all over the world and are a common sight in gardens and other outdoor areas. In this guide, we will delve into the world of garden spiders, including their physical characteristics, behavior, habitat, and more.

Physical Characteristics

Garden spiders are medium to large in size, with some species reaching up to 5 cm in length. They have a round, spiky abdomen and long, slender legs. The legs are usually covered in hairs and spines, which help the spider move quickly and easily through its web.

Garden spiders come in a variety of colors, including brown, black, and orange. Some species have distinctive markings on their abdomen, such as stripes or spots.


Garden spiders are nocturnal creatures and are most active at night. During the day, they can often be found resting in the center of their web or in a nearby hiding place.

At night, the spider spins its web in a circular shape, using sticky silk to catch insects and other small prey. The spider will sit in the center of the web, waiting for prey to get caught in the sticky silk. When it detects movement in the web, the spider will quickly move to capture and wrap its prey in more silk.

Garden spiders are solitary creatures and do not form social groups. They do not have a mating season and can breed year-round. After mating, the female spider will lay her eggs in a silk sac and then leave the sac to hatch on its own.


Garden spiders can be found in a variety of habitats, including gardens, forests, fields, and even urban areas. They prefer to build their webs in open, sunny areas, such as on the edges of forests or in gardens.

In the wild, garden spiders can be found on every continent except Antarctica. They are a common sight in many parts of the world and are often considered beneficial because they help to control the population of insects.


Garden spiders, also known as orb weaver spiders, are a fascinating and important part of the natural world. They are known for their intricate webs and their ability to catch and consume a variety of insects. Although they can be intimidating to some people, garden spiders are generally harmless to humans and can even be beneficial to have around. If you spot a garden spider in your garden or elsewhere, take a moment to appreciate these incredible creatures and the role they play in the ecosystem.

What are garden spiders?

Garden spiders, also known as orb-weaving spiders, are a common type of spider found in gardens, meadows, and other outdoor areas. There are many different species of garden spiders, but they are all characterized by their ability to build intricate, circular webs that they use to capture flying insects.

Garden spiders belong to the family Araneidae, which includes over 3,000 species of spiders worldwide. They are found in temperate regions throughout North America, Europe, and Asia, and they typically prefer to live in areas with plenty of vegetation, such as gardens, meadows, and forests.

One of the most distinctive features of garden spiders is their ability to build complex webs. These webs are made of silk produced by the spider's glands and are designed to capture flying insects like flies, mosquitoes, and moths. Garden spiders use their webs to hunt for food, and they will often sit in the center of the web, waiting for an insect to become trapped. Once an insect is caught, the spider will quickly immobilize and eat it.

Garden spiders are generally harmless to humans, although they can bite if they feel threatened. However, their bites are not venomous and are typically only mildly irritating. Garden spiders play an important role in controlling insect populations in gardens and other outdoor areas, making them a valuable part of the ecosystem.

What do garden spiders look like?

Here are some of the physical characteristics of garden spiders:

Web: Garden spiders are known for their large, circular webs, which are typically built between plants, trees, or other structures. The webs are made of silk produced by the spider's glands and are used to capture flying insects like flies, mosquitoes, and moths. The webs are designed to be sticky, so when an insect flies into them, it gets stuck and the spider can quickly immobilize and eat it.

Size: Garden spiders vary in size depending on the species and gender. Females are generally larger than males, with body lengths ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 inches and leg spans of up to 2.5 inches.

Color: Garden spiders typically have bright, contrasting colors that make them easy to spot. They may have yellow or orange bodies with black, white, or brown markings. Some species, like the black and yellow garden spider, have distinctive patterns of zigzagging white lines on their webs.

Body shape: The bodies of garden spiders are divided into two main parts: the cephalothorax and the abdomen. The cephalothorax is the head and thorax combined, and it contains the spider's eyes, mouthparts, and legs. The abdomen is larger and contains the spider's reproductive organs and silk glands.

Sexual dimorphism: In many species of garden spiders, the males are smaller and have different coloring or markings than the females. For example, male black and yellow garden spiders are smaller than females and have white or gray markings on their backs, while females have black and yellow markings. Males also have longer legs and pedipalps, which are used to transfer sperm to the female during mating.

Eyes: Garden spiders have eight eyes arranged in two rows. The front row has four small eyes that are used to detect motion and light, while the back row has two larger eyes that are used for focusing and depth perception. Some species of garden spiders have excellent vision and can detect prey from up to 30 feet away.

Are garden spiders dangerous?

Garden spiders, also known as orb-weavers, are typically not dangerous to humans. They are non-aggressive and will generally only bite if provoked or threatened. However, there are some ways in which garden spiders can be potentially dangerous:

  1. Spider aggression: While garden spiders are generally not aggressive, they may become defensive if they feel threatened. If you accidentally disturb a spider's web or get too close to their territory, they may bite in self-defense. This can be painful, but the bite is typically not harmful.
  2. Venom potency: Although garden spiders are generally not harmful to humans, some species of orb-weavers have venom that is more potent than others. For example, some species of orb-weavers in tropical regions can cause more severe reactions than their counterparts in temperate regions.
  3. Allergic reactions: While garden spider bites are generally not harmful, some people may have an allergic reaction to the venom. Symptoms of an allergic reaction can include swelling, itching, and difficulty breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms after a spider bite, seek medical attention immediately.
  4. Infection: In rare cases, a spider bite can become infected if it is not properly cleaned and treated. Symptoms of an infection may include redness, swelling, and a fever. If you suspect that your spider bite has become infected, seek medical attention.
  5. Location: While garden spiders are generally harmless, their presence can be a concern if they are found in certain locations. For example, if a garden spider sets up a web in a high-traffic area, such as near a doorway or walkway, people may accidentally walk into the web and become startled, which could lead to injuries. Additionally, if garden spiders are found in areas where food is prepared or stored, they may contaminate the food with their webbing or droppings, which could be a health hazard.
  6. False widow spider lookalikes: In some regions, garden spiders may be mistaken for false widow spiders, which can be venomous and potentially dangerous. False widow spiders are typically brown or black in color and have a distinctive shape similar to that of a black widow spider. If you suspect that you have encountered a false widow spider, seek medical attention immediately.

While garden spiders are generally not harmful to humans, they may be potentially dangerous, and their presence can be a concern in certain situations or locations. If you have concerns about spider bites or potential hazards associated with garden spiders, it's always a good idea to seek medical advice or consult with a pest control professional. If you do encounter a garden spider, it's best to simply leave them alone and avoid disturbing their web or territory. If you are concerned about spider bites or potential dangers, it's always a good idea to seek medical advice.

Why do I have a garden spider problem?

If you have noticed an abundance of garden spiders in your yard or garden, there may be a few reasons why they have become more prevalent. Here are some of the most common reasons for a garden spider infestation:

  1. Warm weather: Spiders are more active in warm weather, which is why they tend to be more prevalent in the summer months. In warm weather, spiders are able to move and hunt more efficiently, which can lead to a higher population density in areas where they thrive.
  2. Suitable habitat: Garden spiders prefer to live in areas with plenty of vegetation and shelter. They commonly build their webs in bushes, tall grass, flower beds, and around structures like fences and sheds. If you have a lot of vegetation in your yard or garden, it could provide an ideal habitat for spiders to build their webs and catch prey.
  3. Lack of maintenance: An unkempt yard or garden can provide a suitable habitat for spiders. For example, cluttered or overgrown areas can provide shelter for spiders to hide and build webs, and this can lead to a higher population density. Regular yard maintenance, such as removing debris and trimming vegetation, can help to reduce the likelihood of spider infestations.
  4. Natural migration: Garden spiders are known to migrate in search of food and suitable habitats. If there is a large population of spiders in your area, you may see an increase in spider activity as they move through your yard or garden.
  5. Nearby food sources: As mentioned earlier, garden spiders feed on insects, so if you have an abundance of insects in your yard or garden, it can attract spiders that are looking for a meal. This could be caused by factors like poor sanitation, nearby garbage cans, or the presence of standing water, which can attract mosquitoes and other insects.
  6. Lack of predators: Garden spiders have few natural predators, which can allow them to thrive and reproduce more easily. This can be especially true in urban or suburban areas where there may be fewer natural predators for spiders, such as birds or lizards.

Where will I find garden spiders?

Garden spiders, also known as orb weavers, are a common type of spider that can be found in a variety of environments. They are usually found in areas that have a lot of vegetation and are able to spin large webs to catch prey. In this response, we will explore the types of areas where you are most likely to find garden spiders.

  • Gardens and parks: As their name suggests, garden spiders are often found in gardens and parks. They are attracted to these areas because of the abundance of insects that they can feed on, such as mosquitoes, flies, and beetles. You are most likely to find garden spiders in areas with tall grass, bushes, and flowers.
  • Woodlands: Garden spiders are also commonly found in woodlands, particularly in areas with large trees and shrubs. They prefer areas that are not heavily disturbed by human activity and are able to spin their webs between trees and other vegetation.
  • Fields: Fields, particularly those with crops or other vegetation, are also areas where garden spiders are often found. They are able to spin their webs between plants and catch insects that are flying around. They are particularly attracted to fields with tall grasses or other vegetation.
  • Wetlands: Wetlands, such as marshes and swamps, are also areas where garden spiders can be found. They are able to spin their webs between plants and catch insects that are flying or crawling around. They are particularly attracted to wetlands that have a lot of vegetation and water sources.
  • Urban areas: Garden spiders can also be found in urban areas, particularly in parks, gardens, and other green spaces. They are able to adapt to these environments and can be found spinning their webs between trees, bushes, and other vegetation.

How do I get rid of garden spiders?

While garden spiders are generally harmless and actually beneficial in controlling insect populations, some people may wish to get rid of them due to fear or discomfort. If you're one of those people, there are several methods you can use to get rid of garden spiders. However, it is important to note that killing or removing garden spiders can disrupt the ecosystem, and alternative methods such as relocation or prevention should be considered. Here are 5 ways to get rid of garden spiders:

  1. Physical removal: One of the most straightforward methods to get rid of garden spiders is to physically remove them. You can use a broom or vacuum cleaner to sweep or suck them up and then dispose of them outside. Be sure to wear gloves to avoid contact with the spider, and dispose of it in a place where it cannot easily return, such as a different part of your yard or a nearby wooded area.
  2. Seal off entry points: Prevention is often the most effective way to get rid of garden spiders. You can do this by sealing off entry points to your home, such as gaps around doors and windows, and repairing any tears in screens. In your yard, you can remove clutter and debris, trim overgrown vegetation, and keep your grass mowed to make your yard less attractive to spiders.
  3. Essential oils and natural remedies: If you prefer to use natural remedies, essential oils such as peppermint, lavender, and tea tree oil are believed to be effective in repelling spiders. You can mix a few drops of these oils with water and spray it around the areas where spiders are present. Additionally, some people use a combination of vinegar and water to clean surfaces and create an unpleasant environment for spiders.
  4. Pesticides: Another option to get rid of garden spiders is to use pesticides. There are various types of insecticides on the market, but it's important to use one that is specifically designed to target spiders. Be sure to read and follow the instructions on the label carefully, and keep children and pets away from the area until the pesticide has dried.
  5. Professional extermination: If you have a serious infestation of garden spiders, or if you're not comfortable with removing them yourself, you may want to consider hiring a professional exterminator. They can assess the situation and recommend the best course of action to eliminate the spiders from your property.

How can I prevent garden spiders in the future?

Garden spiders, also known as orb-weavers, are common in many areas of the world and can often be found in gardens, lawns, and wooded areas. While these spiders are generally harmless to humans and can actually be beneficial in controlling insect populations, some people may want to prevent them from setting up shop in their garden. Here are six tips for preventing garden spiders in the future:

  1. Reduce lighting: Bright lights can attract insects, which in turn attract spiders. If you have outdoor lighting in your garden, consider using lower-wattage bulbs or installing motion-activated lights to reduce the amount of light pollution in your garden.
  2. Plant deterrents: Certain plants are known to repel spiders, including eucalyptus, lavender, and peppermint. Planting these around your garden can help prevent spiders from settling in.
  3. Keep your garden clean and tidy: Garden spiders are attracted to areas with lots of insects and debris, so keeping your garden free of leaves, grass clippings, and other debris can help prevent them from setting up shop. Regularly raking and clearing away plant debris will also prevent the buildup of insects, which are a primary food source for garden spiders.
  4. Regularly clean your garden tools and equipment: Garden spiders can lay their eggs in garden tools and equipment, so regularly cleaning them with soap and water can help prevent spiders from spreading to new areas of your garden.
  5. Remove spider webs: Garden spiders spin large, distinctive webs, so if you see them in your garden, take the time to remove them with a broom or vacuum. Removing the webs will discourage spiders from sticking around and creating new webs in the same location.
  6. Use insecticides: While this should be a last resort, insecticides can be effective in controlling spider populations. If you choose to use an insecticide, make sure to read the label carefully and follow all instructions.

By taking these steps, you can discourage spiders from settling in your garden and help maintain a pest-free environment.

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